Elad Sharon MD @EladSharonMD Of The National Cancer Institute Discusses Pembrolizumab Trial & Broadening Eligibility For HIV Patients: Patients With HIV Did Very Well With Pembrolizumab, The NCI Has Been Pushing To Broaden Eligibility.
People with HIV have been excluded from immuno-oncology (IO) studies. Anti- PD-1/PD-L1 therapies are approved for a growing number of cancers. We evaluated pembrolizumab (pembro) in people with HIV and cancer.
CITN-12 is a multicenter phase 1 trial. Key eligibility: advanced cancer; ECOG ?1; CD4 ?100 cells/?L; ?4 weeks antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV viral load (VL) < 200 copies/mL. Exclusion: uncontrolled HBV/HCV, autoimmune disease. Participants (pts) accrued into CD4 based cohorts (C): C1 100-199; C2 200-350; C3 > 350 CD4 cells/?L. Pembro 200 mg IV administered Q3W for up to 35 doses. Adverse events (AE) evaluated by CTCAE. Immune related AE ? grade (Gr) 2 were events of clinical interest (irECI). Clinical benefit (tumor shrinkage or stable disease [SD] ?24 weeks) was estimated. Data were locked for safety analysis and publication once C2 and C3 completed accrual and all pts completed ?2 cycles. Accrual continued for 6 C1 pts and a new phase 1b Kaposi sarcoma (KS) cohort (C4).
30 pts, characteristics: C1 (6), C2 and 3 (12 each), median (med) age 57 years (range 39-77), 28 men, 2 women, 60% White, 30% Black, 10% Hispanic. Med CD4 285 cells/?L (132 - 966). Cancers: KS (6), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (5), non-AIDS defining (19) most common: anal (6) and squamous cell skin (3). Prior radiation (19), med prior systemic therapies 2 (0-8). Safety observed over 183 cycles, med 5 (1-32). Treatment emergent AE ? possibly attributed to pembro mostly Gr 1-2, with 20% of pts having Gr 3. irECI: hypothyroidism (6), elevated AST/ALT (1), pneumonitis (3), rash (2), musculoskeletal (1).1 KS pt developed KSHV-associated multicentric Castleman disease (KSHV-MCD) and died of the AE. HIV was controlled and increasing CD4 counts were observed. Best response: complete (lung, 1), partial (NHL, 2), SD ?24 weeks (KS, 2), SD < 24 weeks (13), progressive disease (10), not evaluable (2).
Pembro has acceptable safety in cancer pts with HIV on ART and > 100 CD4 cells/µL, similar to patients without HIV. Anti-PD-1 may unmask KSHV-MCD and such KSHV-viremic patients should be excluded. Clinical benefit was noted in several tumor types. Anti-PD1 is appropriate for FDA-approved indications in this population. Patients with HIV meeting appropriate eligibility criteria should be included in IO studies. Clinical trial information: NCT02595866